Zeus And Kronos Kronos und Rhea
Kronos (altgriechisch Κρόνος Krónos) ist in der griechischen Mythologie der jüngste Sohn der Gaia (Erde) und des Uranos (Himmel), Anführer der Titanen und Vater von Zeus. Kronos gibt sie anstatt Zeus einen in eine Windel gewickelten Stein, den er verschlingt. Nach anderen Überlieferungen liegt der Geburtsort des Zeus in einer. Kronos ist in der griechischen Mythologie ein Titan und der Mann der Rhea. Seine Nachkommen sind die Kroniden und der Sohn Zeus. Wir erklären den. Kronos wurde von einigen anderen Titanen, namentlich Iapetos und Koios, unterstützt, die dafür nach dem Sturz des Kronos von Zeus in den Tartaros verbannt. Zeus, der zum Mann herangewachsen war, wollte Kronos stürzen und selbst Herr der Welt werden. Dazu brauchte er aber seine Geschwister, weshalb er Kronos.
Kronos ist in der griechischen Mythologie ein Titan und der Mann der Rhea. Seine Nachkommen sind die Kroniden und der Sohn Zeus. Wir erklären den. Auch die Hundertarmigen, welche Zeus aus dem Tartaros befreite, verbündeten sich gegen Kronos. Zeus und seine Geschwister gewannen den Krieg, aber. Kronos verschlang zunächst all seine Kinder, weil ihm durch sie sein Untergang prophezeit war. Statt Zeus gab ihm Rhea jedoch einen eingewickelten Stein.
Ouranos, however, hated his children; he then locked the Hekatonkheires and Elder Kyklopes deep within Gaea, causing her great displeasure and pain.
Angered at Ouranos and his actions, Gaea then created a sickle from the strongest metal. She then gathered her remaining children, the Titans, urging them to take the scythe, so as to take vengeance against Ouranos and free their brothers.
The Titans, however, out of fear of their father, refused. Only Kronos was willing. He took the scythe and then convinced his older brothers Hyperion, Koios, Krios, and Iapetos to help him ambush their father Okeanos, the eldest Titan, refused to help with the murder.
When Ouranos came down to earth to lay with Gaia, the four of them ambushed their father, holding him down by his arms and legs.
Kronos castrated Ouranos, and threw his genitals into the sea, as an insult to Okeanos for not helping with the murder.
Ouranos' blood spilled acrosd the earth, and from it came forth the Gigantes, and Erinyes the Furies. In fear of his father's words that one of his own children would overthrow him, he then swallowed them after they were born.
However, when Rhea was pregnant with her sixth child, Zeus, she went to a cave on Mount Ida in Crete where she gave birth to him in private.
Rhea then took a boulder provided to her by Gaia which she wrapped in a blanket, which she gave to Kronos instead of Zeus. Rhea left Zeus on the island of Crete where he grew up.
Fearing Kronos would hear Zeus' crying, Rhea sent Nymphs to make noise so loud, Kronos would never hear him. She had also sent a goat named Amaltheia and a few other nymphs to tend to him and they raised him deep within a cave.
Once he grew to a formidable age, he was nearly ready to combat Kronos. Zeus married the goddess of prudence, Metis, for he needed her good advice.
Zeus gained a position as Kronos' cubbearer; he gave Kronos a mixture of mustard and wine to drink some sources say nectar. Kronos thought it would make him more powerful, but to his surprise, he instead vomited his children.
Enraged by their father's cannibalism, the six gods then declared war on Kronos. The three most powerful gods, Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades, went down to Tartarus and freed their uncles, the Elder Cyclopes and Hekatonkheires.
In gratitude, the beings allied with the gods; the Elder Kyklopes forged the brothers powerful weapons; Zeus a lightning bolt, Poseidon a trident, and Hades a helm, which granted the wearer invisibility.
Gaia asked her children, the Titans, to castrate Uranus and Kronus obliged. Unfortunately, Kronos later became afraid that his own children would seize his power, so he consumed each child as soon as his wife, Rhea, gave birth to them.
Upset, Rhea finally substituted a rock wrapped in a blanket for her last newborn son, Zeus, and took the real baby to Crete to be raised there in safety by Amaltheia, a cave-dwelling goat nymph.
Zeus eventually castrated Kronos and forced him to regurgitate Rhea's other children. Fortunately, Kronos had swallowed them whole, so they escaped without any lasting injury.
It's not noted in the myths whether or not they ended up being a bit claustrophobic after their time in their father's stomach. Kronos was conflated with Chronos, the personification of time, all the way back in antiquity, though the confusion became more solidified during the Renaissance when Kronos was considered the God of Time.
It's natural that a God of Time should endure, and Kronos still survives in New Year's celebrations as "Father Time" who is replaced by the "New Year's Baby," usually swaddled or in a loose diaper—a form of Zeus that even recalls the "rock" wrapped with cloth.
In this form, he is often accompanied by a clock or timepiece of some kind. The word chronometer, another term for a timekeeper such as a watch, also derives from the name of Kronos, as does chronograph and similar terms.
In modern times, this ancient deity is well represented. The word "crone," meaning an aged woman, may also derive from the same root as Kronos, though with a change of sex.
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Zeus And Kronos NavigationsmenüLog into your account. Bruder der Rhea, deren Gatte er wird. Er wächst nach Hesiod schnell Interwetten Gutschein und bringt mit List und unter Mithilfe Gaias den Kronos dazu, zuerst den Stein und dann alle seine verschluckten Kinder wieder auszuwürgen. Ursprünglich hatten die beiden Götter jedoch nichts miteinander zu tun. Ihr Benutzername. Arena Spiele Anführer der Titanen und Vater des Zeus'. Neueste Artikel. Please enter your comment! Schwester und Gemahlin des Kronos gilt als Sinnbild der sorgenden Mütterlichkeit. Die Götter. Iuppiter und dem vedisch- altind. Antiope . Der Titan Kronos ist der jüngste der 12 Titanen. Ihr Benutzername. Password recovery. Ansichten Lesen Quelltext anzeigen Versionsgeschichte. Die Orphiker sahen Zeus als den Weltgrund an,  der Platoniker Xenokrates Zaubertricks Zum Nachmachen Mit Zeus mit dem kosmischen Nous in der Philosophie der Stoa wurde Zeus als die Urkraft oder kosmische Vernunft aufgefasst. Wer oder was waren die Mykener? Rhea wird als eine der Ammen von Dionysos genannt.
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|Zeus And Kronos||Please enter your name here. Über mich Impressum Datenschutz. Eurymedusa . Nachdem Kronos die Geschwister Top Online Casino Bonus Zeus erbrach, erhoben sich diese gegen ihn und das Geschlecht der Titanen, um sich als Herrscher der Welt zu etablieren. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion.|
|BET AND SLEEP||Allerdings gab es vor diesem Ereignis noch eine sehr grausame Auseinandersetzung zwischen Vater und Sohn, Paypal With Php sogenannte Titanomachie, welche den langwierigen Kampf zwischen Göttern und dem Geschlecht der Titanen beschreibt. Warum waren Zyklopen wichtig für Zeus? Die zwölf olympischen Götter. Persephone .|
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Vesta [Hestia] was the third. Nonnus, Dionysiaca 8. I bring no pretrified shape for my Kronion Cronion [Zeus], I do not trick my husband with a wily stone.
But when the stormfoot Hora Season , Phaethon's [Helios'] handmaid, had seen the fiery shining victory of Zeus at war and the hailstorm snowstorm conflict of Kronos, she looked at the next tablet in its turn.
There was the father swallowing the stony son, the thing shaped like humanity, in his voracious maw, and making his meal of another pretended Zeus.
There he was again in heavy labour, with the stone inside him, bringing up all those children squeezed together and disgorging the burden from his pregnant throat.
Their help allowed Rheia to wrap up that stone of deceit, and gave it to Kronos for a meal in place of Kronides Cronides [Zeus]. And these dwelt in the city of Beroe, that primordial seat which Kronos Cronus himself builded, at the time when invited by clever Rheia he set that jagged supper before his voracious throat, and having the heavy weight of that stone within him to play the deliverer's part, he shot out the whole generation of his tormented children.
Gaping wide, he sucked up the storming flood of a whole river, and swallowed it in his bubbling chest to ease his pangs, then threw of the burden of his belly; so one after another his pregnant throat pushed up and disgorged his twiceborn sons through the delivering channel of his gullet.
Zeus was then a child, still a baby methinks; not yet the lightning flashed and cleft the hot clouds with many a dancing leap, not yet bolts of Zeus were shot to help in the Titanes' war, not yet the rainy sound of thunderclaps roared heavily with bang and boom through colliding clouds.
Evelyn-White Greek epic C8th B. Through this cause Kheiron Chiron was born a kentauros centaur : his wife was Khariklo Chariclo.
Pindar, Pythian Ode 3. Conway Greek lyric C5th B. Kheiron Chiron , a double-formed kentauros centaur , was born to Kronos Cronus and Philyra.
Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 2. But Kronos and Philyra were surprised in the very act by the goddess Rhea. Whereupon Kronos leapt out of bed and galloped off in the form of a long-maned stallion, while Philyra in her shame left the place, deserting her old haunts, and came to the long Pelasgian ridges.
There she gave birth to the monstrous Kheiron Chiron , half horse and half divine, the offspring of a lover in questionable shape.
By him she bore Chiron the Centaur, who is said to have been the first to invent the art of healing. After Philyra saw that she had borne a strange species, she asked Jove to change her into another form, and she was transformed into the tree which is called the linden.
Ovid, Metamorphoses 6. Virgil, Georgics 3. Pliny the Elder, Natural History 7. Rackham Roman encyclopedia C1st A. Nonnus, Dionysiaca 2. Suidas s.
Aphroi trans. In Greco-Roman mosaic Aphros is one of two marine centaurs who carry Aphrodite ashore following her birth.
Kronos Cronus ruled over the first generation of mankind during the so-called Golden Age of Man, a time of prosperity, peace and general ease. When Zeus came to power these had been replaced by the Silver, who in turn were succeeded by the Bronze, the Hero, and the Iron races.
In the time of Kronos it was said the animals spoke with a human voice. See also "Cronus King of Elysium" section below.
Hesiod, Works and Days ff trans. And they lived like gods without sorrow of heart, remote and free from toil and grief: miserable age rested not on them; but with legs and arms never failing they made merry with feasting beyond the reach of all evils.
When they died, it was as though they were overcome with sleep, and they had all good things; for the fruitful earth unforced bare them fruit abundantly and without stint.
They dwelt in ease and peace upon their lands with many good things, rich in flocks and loved by the blessed gods. But after earth had covered this generation--they are called Pure Spirits daimones hagnoi dwelling on the earth epikhthonioi , and are kindly, delivering from harm, and guardians of mortal men; for they roam everywhere over the earth, clothed in mist and keep watch on judgements and cruel deeds, givers of wealth [i.
Timotheus, Fragment from Athenaeus, Scholars at Dinner trans. Plato, Gorgias a ff trans. Lamb Greek philosopher C4th B. See the Elsyium section below.
Plato, Hipparchus b trans. Lamb : "At all other times [i. Plato, Laws a trans. Bury : "[Plato employs the myth of the Golden Age of Kronos in his description of an ideal state ruled by a philospher-elite :] Long ages before even cities existed.
Well, then, tradition tells us how blissful was the life of men in that age, furnished with everything in abundance, and of spontaneous growth.
And the cause thereof is said to have been this : Kronos Cronus was aware of the fact that no human being is capable of having irresponsible control of all human affairs without becoming filled with pride and injustice; so, pondering this fact, he then appointed as kings and rulers for our cities, not men, but beings of a race that was nobler and more divine, namely, Daimones Spirits.
He acted just as we now do in the case of sheep and herds of tame animals: we do not set oxen as rulers over oxen, or goats over goats, but we, who are of a nobler race, ourselves rule over them.
In like manner the god, in his love for humanity, set over us at that time the nobler race of Daimones who, with much comfort to themselves and much to us, took charge of us and furnished peace and modesty and orderliness and justice without stint, and thus made the tribes of men free from feud and happy.
And even today this tale has a truth to tell, namely, that wherever a State has a mortal, and no god, for ruler, there the people have no rest from ills and toils; and it deems that we ought by every means to imitate the life of the age of Kronos, as tradition paints it.
The Daimones of Hesiod's Works and Days above. Plato, The Statesman a - d trans. Fowler : "[Plato employs the myth of the Golden Age of Kronos in a philosophical discussion :] Stranger : We have often heard the tale of the reign of Kronos.
And how about the story that the ancient folk were earthborn and not begotten of one another? Younger Sokrates Socrates : That is one of the old tales, too.
Stranger : In the reign of Kronos Cronus. And under his care there were no states, nor did men possess wives or children.
So there were no states or families, but they had fruits in plenty from the trees and other plants, which the earth furnished them of its own accord, without help from agriculture.
And they lived for the most part in the open air, without clothing or bedding; for the climate was tempered for their comfort, and the abundant grass that grew up out of the earth furnished them soft couches.
That, Sokrates, was the life of men in the reign of Kronos; but the life of the present age, which is said to be the age of Zeus, you know by your own experience.
The foster children of Kronos, had all this leisure and the ability to converse not only with human beings but also with beasts. Callimachus, Iambi Fragment 1 from Oxyrhynchus Papyri 7 trans.
But anon, they say, Zeus changed all things to the contrary and in no happy mood, Zeus, the just, dispensing injustice, he robbed four-footed things of speech and, as if we had not strength enough even to bestow on others, he changed this hapless race to human kind.
This is the tale of Aesop of Sardis, whom, when he sang his story, the Delphinans received in no kindly wise. Callimachus, Iambi Fragment from Oxyrhynchus Papyri 7 : "[In the Golden Age when Kronos Cronus ruled :] It was the time when birds and creatures of the sea and four-footed animals could talk in the same way as the Promethean clay lacuna.
Just is Zeus, yet unjust was his ruling when he deprived the animals of their speech, and--as though we were in a position to give part of our voice to others--diverted it to the race of men.
Among all he met he introduced justice and sincerity of the soul, and this is why the tradition has come down to later generations that he men of Kronos' time were good-hearted, altogether guileless, and blest with felicity.
His kingdom was strongest in the western regions, where indeed he enjoyed his greatest honour; consequently, down even to comparatively recent times, among the Romans [called by them Saturnus] and the Carthaginians [elsewhere the author mentions elsewhere that the Carthaginians sacrificed children to the god], while their city still stood, and other neighbouring peoples, notable festivals and sacrifices were celebrated in honour of this god and many places bore his name.
And because of the exceptional obedience to laws no injustice was committed by any one at nay time and all the subjects of the rule of Kronos lived a life of blessedness, in the unhindered enjoyment of every pleasure.
And many other things were theirs; grain-giving earth, unploughed, bore for them fruit abundantly and without stint; and glad of heart they dwelt upon their tilth throughout the earth, in midst of blessing manifold, rich in their flocks, loved by the blessed gods.
Plutarch, Life of Aristides Perrin Greek historian C1st to C2nd A. Ovid, Metamorphoses 1. No punishment they knew, no fear; they read no penalties engraved on plates of bronze; no suppliant throng with dread beheld their judge; no judges had they then, but lived secure.
No pine had yet, on its high mountain felled, descended to the sea to find strange lands afar; men knew no shores except their own. No battlements their cities yet embraced, no trumpets straight, no horns of sinuous brass, no sword, no helmet then--no need of arms; the world untroubled lived in leisured ease.
Tellus Earth [Gaia] willingly, untouched, not wounded yet by hoe or plough, gave all her bounteous store; men were content with nature's food unforced, and gathered strawberries on the mountainside and cherries and the clutching bramble's fruit, and acorns fallen from Jove's [Zeus'] spreading tree.
Springtime it was, always, for ever spring; the gentle zephyrs with their breathing balm caressed the flowers that sprang without a seed; anon the earth untilled brought forth her fruits, the unhallowed fields lay gold with heavy grain, and streams of milk and springs of nectar flowed and yellow honey dripped from boughs of green.
And these dwelt in the [Phoenician] city of Beroe, that primordial seat which Kronos Cronus himself builded. The record of victors include Apollon, who outran Hermes and beat Ares at boxing.
Hesiod, Theogony ff : "[Zeus] the son of Kronos Cronus and the other deathless gods whom rich-haired Rhea bare from union with Kronos, brought them [the Hekatonkheires Hecatoncheires and Kyklopes Cyclopes ] up again to the light at Gaia's Earth's advising.
For she herself recounted all things to the gods fully, how that with these they would gain victory and a glorious cause to vaunt themselves.
For the Titan gods and as many as sprang from Kronos had long been fighting together in stubborn war with heart-grieving toil, the lordly Titanes from high Othrys, but the gods, givers of good, whom rich-haired Rhea bare in union with Kronos, from Olympos.
So they, with bitter wrath, were fighting continually with one another at that time for ten full years, and the hard strife had no close or end for either side, and the issue of the war hung evenly balanced.
A long while now have we, who are sprung from Kronos and the Titan gods, fought with each other every day to get victory and to prevail.
But do you show your great might and unconquerable strength, and face the Titanes in bitter strife; for remember our friendly kindness, and from what sufferings you are come back to the light from your cruel bondage under misty gloom through our counsels.
And so now with fixed purpose and deliberate counsel we will aid your power in dreadful strife and will fight against the Titanes in hard battle.
And amongst the foremost Kottos Cottus and Briareos Briareus and Gyes insatiate for war raised fierce fighting: three hundred rocks, one upon another, they launched from their strong hands and overshadowed the Titanes with their missiles, and buried them beneath the wide-pathed earth, and bound them in bitter chains when they had conquered them by their strength for all their great spirit, as far beneath the earth to Tartaros Tartarus.
There by the counsel of Zeus who drives the clouds the Titan gods are hidden under misty gloom, in a dank place where are the ends of the huge earth.
And they may not go out; for Poseidon fixed gates of bronze upon it, and a wall runs all round it on every side.
There Gyes and Kottos and great-souled Obriareus live, trusty warders of Zeus who holds the aegis. Hesiod, Theogony 53 ff : "And he [Zeus] was reigning in heaven, himself holding the lightning and glowing thunderbolt, when he had overcome by might his father Kronos Cronus.
Aeschylus, Agamemnon ff trans. Weir Smyth Greek tragedy C5th B. Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound ff : "When first the heavenly powers daimones [the Titanes Titans and Olympian gods] were moved to wrath, and mutual dissension was stirred up among them--some bent on casting Kronos Cronus from his seat so Zeus, in truth, might reign; others, eager for the contrary end, that Zeus might never win mastery over the gods--it was then that I [Prometheus], although advising them for the best, was unable to persuade the Titanes, children of Ouranos Uranus, Heaven and Khthon Chthon, Earth ; but they, disdaining counsels of craft, in the pride of their strength thought to gain the mastery without a struggle and by force.
Often my mother Themis, or Gaia Earth though one form, she had many names , had foretold to me the way in which the future was fated to come to pass.
That it was not by brute strength nor through violence, but by guile that those who should gain the upper hand were destined to prevail.
And though I argued all this to them, they did not pay any attention to my words. Thus I helped [Zeus] the tyrant of the gods. As soon as he had seated himself upon his father's throne, he immediately assigned to the deities their several privileges and apportioned to them their proper powers.
Aeschylus, Fragment from Papyri Oxyrhynchus trans. Lloyd-Jones : "[Dike, the goddess of justice, speaks :] And he [Zeus] has his seat upon his father's very throne, having overcome Kronos Cronus by means of Justice Dike ; for Zeus can now boast, since his father began the quarrel, that he paid him back with Justice on his side.
That is why Zeus has done me great honour, because after being attacked he paid him back, not unjustly. I sit in glory by the throne of Zeus. She gave Kronos Cronus a drug, by which he was forced to vomit forth first the stone and then the children he had swallowed.
With them Zeus fought a war against Kronos and the Titanes Titans. After ten years of fighting Ge Earth prophesied a victory for Zeus if he were to secure the prisoners down in Tartaros as his allies.
He thereupon slew their jail-keeper Kampe Campe , and freed them from their bonds. In return the Kyklopes Cyclopes gave Zeus thunder, lightning, and a thunderbolt, as well as a helmet for Plouton and a trident for Poseidon.
Armed with these the three gods overpowered the Titanes, confined them in Tartaros, and put the Hekatonkheires Hecatoncheires in charge of guarding them.
Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae trans. Ovid, Fasti 3. In anger he stirs the mighty Titanes to arms and seeks the assistance owed by fate.
There was a shocking monster born of Mother Terra Earth [Gaia], a bull, whose back half was a serpent. Whoever fed the bull's guts to consuming flames was destined to defeat the eternal gods.
Briareus [here an ally of Kronos] slays it with an adamantine axe and prepares to feed the flames its innards.
Jupiter commands the birds to grab them; the kite brought them to him. Seneca, Hercules Furens ff trans. Miller Roman tragedy C1st A.
Let the Titanes Titans prepare war, with me to lead their rage. Kronos Cronus still dripping held the emasculating sickleblade, after he had cut off the manly crop of his father's [Ouranos'] plow and robbed him of the Mother's [Gaia's] bed to which he was hastening, and warred against your sire at the head of the Titanes.
Broadbeard Kronos fanned the flame of Enyo War as he cast icy spears against Kronion Cronion [Zeus], shooting his cold watery shafts: sharp pointed arrows of hail were shot from the sky.
But Zeus armed himself with more fires than Helios the Sun and melted the petrified water with hotter sparks.
Kampe was the dragon set by Kronos to guard the the Hekatonkheires and Kyklopes locked away in Tartaros]. He sang the true victory of Zeus potent in the Heights, how broadbeard Kronos Cronus sank under the thunderbolt, and Zeus sealed him deep in the dark Tartarean pit, armed in vain with the watery weapons of the storm.
According to Aeschylus, after Kronos Cronus was dethroned by Zeus he cursed his son to suffer the same fate.
However, Prometheus warned Zeus in a timely fashion to avoid a union with the goddess Thetis, for their child was the one destined to overthrow him.
Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound ff trans. Such an adversary is he now preparing despite himself, a prodigy [his son by Thetis] irresistible, even one who shall discover a flame mightier than the lightning and a deafening crash to outroar the thunder; a prodigy who shall shiver the trident, Poseidon's spear, that scourge of the sea and shaker of the land.
Then, wrecked upon this evil, Zeus shall learn how different it is to be a sovereign and a slave. Homer, Iliad 8. For a brazen anvil falling down from heaven nine nights and days would reach the earth upon the tenth: and again, a brazen anvil falling from earth nine nights and days would reach Tartaros upon the tenth.
Round it runs a fence of bronze, and night spreads in triple line all about it like a neck-circlet, while above grow the roots of the earth and unfruitful sea.
There Gyes and Kottos Cottus and great-souled Obriareus live, trusty warders of Zeus who holds the aegis. Stesichorus, Fragment A from Philodemus, Piety trans.
Aeschylus, Eumenides ff trans. How does this not contradict what you say? Apollon :. Zeus could undo fetters, there is a remedy for that, and many means of release.
But when the dust has drawn up the blood of a man, once he is dead, there is no return to life. Plato, Cratylus e trans. Kronos is used as a metaphor, his chains are inescapable.
Fowler : "Men believe that Zeus. Adeimantos, in our city, nor is it to be said in the hearing of a young man, that in doing the utmost wrong he would do nothing to surprise anybody, nor again in punishing his father's wrong-doings to the limit, but would only be following the example of the first and greatest of the gods.
Statius, Thebaid 8. Mozley Roman epic C1st A. According to some, Kronos Cronus , the former king of the Golden Age, was released by Zeus from Tartaros Tartarus and made king of the islands of the Blessed, where the heroes were sent to dwell in paradise after death.
Grim war and dread battle destroyed a part of them, some in the land of Kadmos Cadmus at seven-gated Thebe when they fought for the flocks of Oidipous Oedipus , and some, when it had brought them in ships over the great sea gulf to Troy for rich-haired Helene's Helen's sake : there death's end enshrouded a part of them.
But to the others father Zeus the son of Kronos gave a living and an abode apart from men, and made them dwell at the ends of earth.
And they live untouched by sorrow in the islands of the blessed along the shore of deep swirling Okeanos Oceanus , happy heroes for whom the grain-giving earth bears honey-sweet fruit flourishing thrice a year, far from the deathless gods, and Kronos rules over them; for the father of men and gods released him from his bonds.
And these last equally have honour and glory. Pindar, Olympian Ode 2. But the good, through the nights alike, and through the days unending, beneath the sun's bright ray, tax no the soil with the strength of their hands, nor the broad sea for a poor living, but enjoy a life that knows no toil; with men honoured of heaven, who kept their sworn word gladly, spending an age free from all tears.
But the unjust endure pain that no eye can bear to see. But those who had good courage, three times on either side of death, to keep their hearts untarnished of all wrong, these travel along the road of Zeus to Kronos' Cronus' tower.
There round the Islands of the Blest, the winds of Okeanos Oceanus play, and golden blossoms burn, some nursed upon the waters, others on land on glorious trees; and woven on their hands are wreaths enchained and flowering crowns, under the just decrees of Rhadamanthys, who has his seat at the right hand of the great father, Rhea's husband [Kronos Cronus ], goddess who holds the throne highest of all.
And Peleus and Kadmos Cadmus are of that number, and thither, when her prayers on the heart of Zeus prevailed, his mother brought Akhilleus Achilles , he who felled Hektor Hector , Troy's pillar invincible, unyielding, and brought death to Kyknos Cycnus , and [Memnon] the Aithiop Ethiopian son of Eos.
Now in the time of Kronos there was a law concerning mankind, and it holds to this very day amongst the gods, that every man who has passed a just and holy life departs after his decease to the Isles of the Blest Nesoi Makaron , and dwells in all happiness apart from ill; but whoever has lived unjustly and impiously goes to the dungeon of requital and penance which, you know, they call Tartaros Tartarus.
Of these men there were judges in Kronos' time, and still of late in the reign of Zeus--living men to judge the living upon the day when each was to breathe his last; and thus the cases were being decided amiss.
So Plouton [Haides] and the overseers from the Isles of the Blest came before Zeus with the report that they found men passing over to either abode undeserving.
Now I, knowing all this before you, have appointed sons of my own to be judges; two from Asia, Minos and Rhadamanthus, and one from Europe, Aiakos Aeacus.
Kronos Cronus , the god who devoured his own children Poseidon representing the sea, Demeter the earth, Hera the air, and Hestia heavenly fire symbolised the destructive ravages of time, which consumed all.
As the King of the Golden Age, and of the Islands of the Blessed, he represented the passing of the ages. The name Kronos, means simply time khronos.
For example, an ancient belief prevailed throughout Greece that Caelus the Sky [Ouranos Uranus ] was mutilated by his son Saturnus [Kronos Cronus ], and Saturnus himself thrown into bondage by his son Jove [Zeus]: now these immoral fables enshrined a decidedly clever scientific theory.
Their meaning was that the highest element of celestial ether or fire [Ouranos the Sky], which by itself generates all things, is devoid of that bodily part which required union with another for the work of procreation.
By Saturnus [Kronos] again they denoted that being who maintains the course and revolution of the seasons and periods of time, the deity so designated in Greek, for Saturnus' Greek name is Kronos Cronus , which is the same as khronos , a space of time.
Saturnus is bound by Jove [Zeus] in order that Time's courses might not be unlimited, and that Jove might fetter him by the bonds of the stars.
Nonnus, Dionysiaca 6. Orphic Hymn 13 to Cronus trans. Taylor Greek hymns C3rd B. Eternal father, mighty Titan, hear, great sire of gods and men, whom all revere; endued with various counsel, pure and strong, to whom increase and decrement belong.
Hence matter's flowing forms through thee that die, by thee restored, their former place supply [reincarnation].
The world immense in everlasting chains, strong and ineffable thy power contains; father of vast eternity, divine, O mighty Kronos, various speech is thine; blossom of earth and of starry skies, husband of Rhea, and Prometheus wise.
Obstetric power and venerable root, from which the various forms of being shoot; no parts peculiar can thy power enclose, diffused through all, from which the world arose.
O best of beings, of a subtle mind, propitious hear, to suppliant prayers inclined; the sacred rites benevolent attend, and grant a blameless life, a blessed end [passage after death to Elysion Elysium ].
Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. Pindar, Olympian Ode 1. Pausanias, Description of Greece 6. On the summit of the mountain the Basilai Kings , as they are called, sacrifice to Kronos Cronus at the spring equinox [the start of the new year], in the month called Elaphios Of the Deer among the Eleans.
When Zeus was born, Rhea entrusted the guardianship of her son to the Daktyloi Idaioi Idaean Dactyls , who are the same as those called Kouretes Curetes.